MAUDUDI, MAULANA ABUL ALA (1903-1979) Maulana Abul Ala Maududi started his public career when he was only 24 years old He published a collection of essays entitled Al-Jihad fi al-Islam (Jihad in Islam) that caused a stir among Islamic scholars In 1933, he took over as editor of a monthly magazine, Tarjuman al-Quran The magazine offered an interpretation of the Koran that emphasized that Islam as revealed to Muhammad, its prophet, did not make a distinction between the spiritual and the temporal worlds In 1941, Maududi decided to enter politics by establishing the Jamaat-e-Islami (JI) (the Party of Islam) For six years, however, from 1941 to 1947, Maududi and the JI opposed Muhammad Ali Jinnah, his All-India Muslim League, and their demand for the creation of Pakistan, a homeland for the Muslim population of British IndiaMaududi’s opposition to the idea of Pakistan was based on the belief that nation states could not be reconciled with the concept of the Muslim ummah (community) that included all Muslims The ummah could not be divided by borders that separated countries Once Pakistan was born, Maududi decided to move to the new state and established himself and the JI in Lahore Installed in Pakistan, he turned his attention to creating an Islamic state in the country established by Jinnah and the Muslim League

Maududi’s program consisted of two parts First, he wished to define strictly the meaning of being a Muslim, excluding all those who deviated even slightly from subscribing to what he defined as the basic tenets of Islam Second, he wanted Pakistan to adopt an Islamic political system rather than a system borrowed from the WestMaududi’s first serious confrontation with the state of Pakistan came in 1953, when he led a movement against the Ahmadiya community The movement turned violent, and martial law had to be imposed before law and order was restored in the country A military court sentenced Maududi to death, but the sentence was later reduced Maududi had to wait more than 20 years before the Ahmadiyas were declared to be non-Muslims This action was taken in 1974 by the administration of Prime Minister Zulfikar Ali Bhutto It was during the early years of the regime of President Zia ul-Haq that Maududi’s views had the greatest impact on Pakistan Zia made several attempts to introduce Islam into the country’s political and economic structures Although Zia was not successful in the area of politics, he introduced a number of Islamic financial instruments

These included the imposition of taxes such as zakat and ushr

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