MANGLA DAM The Mangla Dam on the Jhelum River was built as part of the Indus Water Treaty between India and Pakistan It was constructed in the early 1960s by a consortium of American companies that worked under the supervision of the Water and Power Development Authority (WAPDA) The dam is 3,500 meters long and has an “above river” height of 119 meters Including the power house and other ancillary works, it cost US$540 million to build It is built of rock and sand and has one giant spillway that operates during the flood season The lake formed by the dam covers an area of 160 square kilometers and initially stored 475 million acre-feet of water A canal from the left side of the river at Mangla transfers water into Chenab to compensate the latter for the water it lost to India by way of a dam in its upper reaches The Mangla dam also generates electricity with the capacity of 1,000MW The government of President Pervez Musharraf, worried about the impending shortage of water in Pakistan, decided to raise the height of the dam to compensate for the loss of capacity in the reservoir because of silting

The Mangla High Dam project was estimated to cost $230 million to be completed by 2007 The contract for the project was won by CWE Joint Ventures, a consortium led by a Chinese firm

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