LONDON BOMBINGS OF 2005 A coordinated attack on London’s transport system by four young men, three of whom were of Pakistani origin, put the Pakistani immigrants settled in Britain under an intense spotlight The suicide bombers exploded home-made devices in three subway trains in the heart of London and the fourth in a double-decker bus of the city’s transport system The attacks were carried out on the morning of Thursday, 7 July 2005, at the peak of the rush hour Coordinated attacks by suicide bombers aimed to inflict great damage, killing a large number of people and carried out without any warning, bore the imprint of al Qaeda They were reminiscent of the bombings of commuter trains in Madrid, Spain, on 11March 2004, in which 191 people were killed and another 700 were injured The London bombing killed 56 persons, including the four bombers, and injured another 700 Two weeks after the first series of attacks, an attempt was made to carry out a similar operation by another set of four young men The bombs did not explode this time, and the bombers were arrested within days of the attempted attacks The attackers in this attempted bombing were of African origin, but all of them were Muslims On 18 September 2005, a videotape was released to the media that showed Ayman Al-Zawahiri taking responsibility for the attacks in London

Hussain Habib, 18, Shahzad Tanweer, 22, and Mohammad Sadique Khan, 30, came from Leeds, and all were born to Pakistani parents who had immigrated to and settled in Britain several decades earlier The fourth bomber, Jermaine Lindsay, 19, was born in Jamaica, lived in Aylesburg, a suburb of London, and had converted to Islam and changed his name to Abdullah Shaheed Jamal In the investigations involving intelligence agencies in Pakistan, it was revealed that the three who were of Pakistani extraction had traveled to Pakistan in 2004 and may have received instruction in both religion and use of chemicals to make bombs by attending some of the madrassas that dot the Pakistani landscape

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