LAND ALIENATION ACT OF 1901 The Land Alienation Act of 1901 was promulgated by the British administrators of Punjab to protect the Muslim peasantry from Hindu moneylenders The act prohibited the transfer of agricultural land from the group of people it defined as “agriculturists” to those it identified as “non-agriculturalists” Agriculturalists were mostly Muslims and non-agriculturalists were mostly non-Muslims The act proved to be a significant piece of legislation It restored social peace and harmony among the communities of rural Punjab It also permanently bound the Muslim landed class of Punjab to the British The fact that the Muslim community of Punjab never became restive under British rule and did not actively participate in the movement to create Pakistan, a separate homeland for the Muslims of British India, can be largely attributed to this piece of legislation and its successful application

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