KHAR, GHULAM MUSTAFA (1934- ) Ghulam Mustafa Khar, a landlord with large holdings in south Punjab, was one of the founding fathers of the Pakistan People’s Party (PPP), the political organization created by Zulfikar Ali Bhutto in 1967 Khar served Bhutto in several capacities, including governor of Punjab, Pakistan’s largest province He remained with the party after Bhutto’s removal by the military in 1977 and his execution two years later Zulfikar Ali’s death brought Benazir Bhutto, the late prime minister’s daughter, to the center stage of politics in Pakistan She was elected the PPP’s chairperson with the support of her father’s old associates, including KharIn 1986 Benazir Bhutto, after spending several years in self-imposed exile in London, returned to Pakistan Buoyed by the very warm reception she received, she decided to reshape her father’s party in her own image She sidelined the first generation of leaders, including Mustafa Khar Not happy with this move, Khar joined with Ghulam Mustafa Jatoi, another leader who had suffered at the hands of Benazir Bhutto, to form the National People’s Party The party was unsuccessful in the elections of 1988, the first to be held after the return of democracy in Pakistan

Khar returned to the fold of the PPP following the party’s win in the elections of 1993 Benazir Bhutto included him in her cabinet and gave him the important portfolio of water and power There was an expectation that Khar would succeed in producing the political consensus needed to start the construction of another dam on the Indus river at a place called Kalabagh on the border of Punjab and the Northwest Frontier Province Success eluded Khar, however He had made little progress by the time President Farooq Ahmad Khan Leghari dismissed the Bhutto government on 5 November 1996 Khar contested in the elections of 1997 and won a seat for himself from south Punjab The return of the military to power in October 1999 under General Pervez Musharraf consigned several senior leaders, including Khar, to the margin of Pakistani politics

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