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JUNEJO MUHAMMAD KHAN (1932-1993)

JUNEJO, MUHAMMAD KHAN (1932-1993) Muhammad Khan Junejo was born in Sindhri village in Sanghar district and attended Karachi’s St Patrick School before going to the Agricultural Institute at Hastings, Great Britain He returned from Hastings with a diploma in agricultural sciences He won a seat to the West Pakistan provincial assembly from his native Sanghar district in 1962 The 1962 elections were the first to be held under the constitution of 1962, which limited the franchise to 80,000 “basic democrats,” 40,000 each from East and West Pakistan After being elected to the provincial assembly, he was invited to join the provincial administration as minister in charge of railways and communicationsJunejo adopted a low political profile when General Agha Muhammad Yahya Khan brought back martial law to Pakistan in March 1969 and again when Zulfikar Ali Bhutto became president and later prime minister He reappeared on the political scene in 1977 as a member of the Pakistan National Alliance (PNA), organized by Bhutto’s opposition to challenge him in the elections held that year After Bhutto was overthrown by General Zia ul-Haq, Junejo came to Islamabad as a minister in the cabinet formed by the president in order to provide a civilian appearance to his martial-law administration He did not stay with Zia for long, however



A number of his PNA colleagues left the cabinet once it became clear that Zia was in no particular hurry to hold elections in the country Zia called general elections in 1985 but banned the participation of political parties in the polls This arrangement was not acceptable to the Pakistan People’s Party (PPP), but Junejo and his PNA associates decided to take part in the elections Junejo was elected to the National Assembly, and after Zia agreed to lift martial law, Junejo was invited to serve as prime minister Martial law was lifted on 31 December 1985A number of differences on important policy matters that developed between the president and the prime minister-in particular those concerning Pakistan’s stance toward Afghanistan-led to the dismissal of Junejo by Zia on 29 May 1988 Zia chose his moment well Junejo had just returned from a visit to China and Japan and was given the news of his dismissal shortly after landing at the Islamabad airport Along with Junejo went not only his cabinet but also the National and Provincial Assemblies In dismissing Junejo, Zia invoked Article 582(b) of the constitution

As required by the constitution, Zia promised fresh elections within 90 days of the dismissal order Zia made an attempt to maneuver Junejo out of the chairmanship of the Pakistan Muslim League, but Junejo refused to oblige As had happened on so many previous occasions in the history of the Muslim League, the party promptly split into two factions, one that supported Junejo and the other that favored Zia ul-Haq The party failed to reunite even after the death of Zia ul-Haq and went to the polls in November 1988 as two opposing groups Muhammad Khan Junejo died in Washington, where he had gone for treatment His death was to lead to another constitutional crisis in the country, prompted by the move by Mian Nawaz Sharif to take over as the president of the Muslim League This move was not endorsed by President Ghulam Ishaq Khan The president interpreted it as an effort by the prime minister to consolidate his power See also BASIC DEMOCRACIES; POLITICAL PARTIES K-2 At 8,611 meters, Mount Goodwin Austin (more commonly known as the Karokoram or K-2) is the second highest peak in the world

It is only 219 meters lower in height than Mount Everest in Nepal, the world’s highest mountain K-2 is Pakistan’s highest mountain peak, located on the border with China It was first scaled in 1954 by two Italian mountaineers, Lino Lacedelli and Achille Comagnoni It is regarded as a more challenging peak to scale compared to other high mountains including Mount Everest

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