GUL HASSAN KHAN, LIEUTENANT GENERAL (1921-1999)Born in Quetta, Balochistan, to a middle-class family, Gul Hassan Khan joined the Indian Military Academy in 1941 and was stationed in the Assam-Burma sector during the closing years of World War II In August 1947, he was appointed assistant to Muhammad Ali Jinnah, Pakistan’s first governor-general In 1971, when the Pakistan army was fighting the Bengali separatists in East Pakistan, Gul Hassan occupied the important position of the chief of general staffGul Hassan Khan was appointed commander in chief of the Pakistani army on 20 December 1971 by President Zulfikar Ali Bhutto Earlier that day, Gul Hassan had reluctantly accepted Bhutto’s offer to take over as the commander in chief of a demoralized army that had suffered a humiliating defeat at the hands of the Indian army in East Pakistan Gul Hassan did not serve Bhutto for long, however His break with the new president came precisely because of the qualities Bhutto had underscored for choosing him in the first place As Bhutto began to consolidate his hold over the country, he wanted the army to be led by a man who appreciated the imperatives of politics But Gul Hassan was a professional soldier, not willing to be drawn into politics On 3 March 1972, he and Air Marshal Rahim Khan, the air force commander in chief, were summoned to the president’s house and were accused by the president of not being fully supportive of the civilian authority; they were asked to resign

General Tikka Khan was appointed the new commander, with the title of chief of the army staff Unlike many of his predecessors, Gul Hassan Khan chose not to remain active in public life after his retirement from the army See also THE MILITARY

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