GHAZI BAROTHA Ghazi Barotha hydroelectricity plant represents a new type of energy project in Pakistan that must be replicated as the country begins to seriously address the problem of energy shortage With the increased rate of growth of the country’s GDP in the early 2000s came a commensurate increase in the demand for energy Ghazi Barotha is a “run-of-the-river” power plant on the Indus River, about 60 kilometers downstream from Tarbela Dam Construction on the project began in 1998 and was completed five years later in 2003 when the first of its five generators became operational The plant has five turbines and five generators, each with the capacity of producing 290 MW of power The plant was constructed at a cost of US$15 billion, partly financed by international aid and partly by suppliers’ credit A number of countries worked on the project The power house and civil works were constructed by China; a 40 kilometer power channel that took water from the river and then returned it after running it through a battery of turbines was constructed by Italy; turbines came from Germany; and Japan supplied Toshiba generatorsSince Ghazi Barotha is a run-of-the-river project that does not store water, it can be operated the year round at full capacity

In that respect it does not suffer the fluctuations experienced by such reservoir-based power plants as Tarbela Once it became fully operational in 2005, the project fed 1,450 MW of energy into Pakistan’s unified grid, augmenting the supply of power by 7 percent by increasing it to 19,500 MW

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