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FEDERAL SECURITY FORCE (FSF)

Just do it later bro, or even tomorrow!

FEDERAL SECURITY FORCE (FSF) The government of Prime Minister Zulfikar Ali Bhutto organized the Federal Security Force to limit its reliance on the military Before the creation of the FSF, governments had to depend on the armed forces to handle law-and-order problems that were beyond the capacity of the police force Calling the army to aid civilian authorities had resulted in its politicization, however For instance, in 1954, the army was summoned to deal with the anti-Ahmadiya riots in Punjab province The army’s success in dealing with that situation ultimately led to General Ayub Khan’s martial law Similarly, Muhammad Ayub Khan had relied on the army to bring order to the country when the campaign against his government turned violent in 1969 The army restored law and order but imposed martial law for the second time in Pakistan’s history Bhutto was determined not to repeat these past mistakes He needed a force that he controlled himself and that was independent of the military The FSF was his answer



A number of retired army officers were brought into the force to provide training, while the services of some senior police officers were obtained to command the FSF units The FSF command worked closely with the office of the prime minister Once it was operational, the FSF’s role changed and it began to gather intelligence about politicians and political organizations It also began to interfere in political activities Some personnel of the FSF were alleged to have been involved in the murder of a Bhutto political opponent, a charge for which the deposed prime minister was arrested in late 1977 and was tried, convicted, and executed Masood Mahmud, the director general of the FSF and one of the closest associates of Bhutto while he was in power, was also charged with the plot to kill the Bhutto opponent Once the trial began, however, Mahmud entered into a plea-bargaining arrangement with the prosecution It was his testimony against former prime minister Bhutto on which the prosecution based its case and the one that persuaded the Lahore High Court to sentence Bhutto to death After Bhutto was executed on 4 April 1979, Masood Mahmud slipped out of Pakistan and did not return to the country The FSF was disbanded in 1977 soon after the declaration of martial law by General Zia ul-Haq

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