FAISALABAD Originally named Lyallpur by the British, Faisalabad is now Pakistan’s third largest city, after Karachi and Lahore In 2005, its population was estimated at 35 million The British founded the city in the late 19th century to service the agriculture sector, which had received a great boost as a result of the development of irrigation in central Punjab Lyallpur, named after Sir John Lyall, governor of Punjab, was situated in the heart of the areas colonized (settled by new owners working the irrigated land) by the British Cotton was one of the favored crops of the farmers who settled in these areas The partition of British India separated the cotton-growing areas of Punjab from the textile mills in India, most of which were located in the distant Gujarat and Maharashtara states Pakistan adopted the policy of developing an indigenous textile industry based on home-grown cotton Consequently, by the mid-1970s, Lyallpur had become the most important textile center of Pakistan Also, in the mid-1970s, the authorities in Pakistan decided to change the name of the city to Faisalabad, in honor of King Faisal of Saudi Arabia, who had developed very close relations with Pakistan

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