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DYARCHY

DYARCHY The term dyarchy was used to describe the system of government created by the Government of India Act of 1919 Elected members constituted a majority in the provincial councils established under the Act Ministers, appointed by the governor to head the “nation-building departments”-agriculture, education, health, irrigation, and public works-were responsible to the provincial councils However, a number of other departments-home, finance, and revenue-remained outside the purview of the councils These departments were headed by executive councilors responsible only to the governor This division of responsibility was captured by the term dyarchy The Government of India Act of 1935 created a system of provincial autonomy, thereby doing away with the system of dyarchy

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