AYUB, GOHAR (1937- ) Gohar Ayub is the second son of General (later, Field Marshal and the first military president of Pakistan) Muhammad Ayub Khan He was educated at St Mary’s Academy in Rawalpindi, where he graduated in 1953 The same year, he joined the Pakistan Military Academy as a “gentleman cadet” A year later, he was selected for training at the Royal Military Academy, Sandhurst On his return from England, he was commissioned as a second lieutenant in the Pakistan army Soon after his return from England, Gohar Ayub married the daughter of Lieutenant General Habibullah Khan In 1962, he resigned from the army to join Gandhara Industries, a business house founded by his father-in-law a few years earlier The business included a number of flourishing enterprises such as textile units in the Northwest Frontier Province (NWFP) and an automobile assembly plant near Karachi Gohar Ayub’s first foray into politics was in January 1965 when he organized a street demonstration in Karachi to celebrate his father’s success in the presidential election-the first to be held under the constitution of 1962

The celebration turned into a riot when Ayub’s supporters were challenged by those who had voted in favor of Fatima Jinnah, the opposition’s candidate in the presidential poll A number of people were killed and hundreds were injured This incident was to leave a bitter memory in the minds of the people who had opposed Muhammad Ayub Khan-a memory that contributed to the success of the anti-Ayub Khan movement of 1968-1969President Muhammad Ayub Khan also paid a heavy political price for the perception that Gohar Ayub and his father-in-law had benefited enormously from the favors conferred on them by the government, including the granting of precious licenses for setting up industries and importing raw materials and equipment, as well as gaining access to cheap capital from government-owned investment banks Gohar Ayub won a seat in the National Assembly from his native Haripur in 1990, and was elected the speaker of the National Assembly the same year; following the elections of 1997, he was given the portfolio of foreign affairs in the Cabinet of Prime Minister Mian Nawaz Sharif He resigned from the Sharif Cabinet in April 1998 but was asked to stay on He played an important role in Pakistan’s decision to explode six nuclear devices in May 1998, following the tests carried out by India earlier that month In August 1998, Gohar Ayub left the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and was appointed minister of water and powerGohar Ayub left active politics after the military takeover of October 1999 In the elections of October 2002, his seat was successfully contested by his son, Omar Ayub Khan In the cabinet formed by Prime Minister Shaukat Aziz, Omar Khan was included as minister of state for finance

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